Characterized by oral, genital or skin lesions, ocular inflammation, arthritis, gastrointestinal manifestations and occasional central nervous system involvement, Behcet’s Disease or “syndrome” is classified as an autoimmune disorder with no known origin. Yet, advancements in research and diagnostic measures suggest a link to viral, bacterial, genetic and environmental components. Even so, with no apparent cure, treatment for Behcet’s Disease remains focused on reducing symptoms and preventing complications, as noted by the American Behcet’s Disease Association.
Recognized worldwide, Behcet’s Disease is often difficult to pinpoint. This is because it may take months or even years for symptoms to manifest. Thus, clinical criteria have been developed by an international group of physicians to serve as a guideline for Behcet’s Disease patients. As a primary indication of the disease, at least three oral ulcerations (apthous or herpetiform) must develop over the course of one year. In addition, patients must present at least two of the following: Continue reading.